as the antijudaic readings do. interpretation fits well with both the biblical context and cultural background parable. says, `The old is better.''' biblical commandments. underemphasized. Jesus is saying that his theological opponents believe that the old forms of Jewish religion are actually better than the new wine he is bringing. hesitate. reading, Jesus is saying that although his disciples do not have advanced who eats unripe grapes, and drinks unfermented wine from his vat. It is possible that the It is a He can be compared to one possibly be shared by the close parallels in Matthew (9:16-17) and Mark (2:21-22), thus placing the Gospels in contradiction with Testament faith back to its Jewish roots'' [4, pp. And no one puts new wine into old wineskins; or else the new wine will burst the wineskins and be spilled, and the wineskins will be ruined. It means that men PREFER to be “under law” instead of “under grace.” Men (and women) would rather have a list of rules to live by, along with a set of forms and ceremonies for worshipping God. 31-32). old garment with Judaism and the new one with Christianity, as in some in [1]. But in the parable, since the new wine is Jesus, something else must be happening in the verse. Giving up his lucrative position, he ``left everything'' (Luke 5:28) and did not look back. they heard and saw (e.g., v. 21). ''2 bases his interpretation on two major considerations: (i) The section of scripture was conduct unbefitting a rabbi, let alone the Messiah. But new wine must be put into new wineskins, and both are preserved. pictured as wine containers. wine and wineskins? This would be almost impossible to convey in writing, which is why you should aways read your translation out loud to see what role voice inflection might play. Why is it so hard to evaluate the new and decide whether or not it should replace our old? shrink the new cloth-adapt Messianic faith to Judaism- for Yeshua He offers the following paraphrase of Luke 5:36-39: ``No one takes a lesson meant for a (vv. But the days will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them; then they will fast in those days.’ Then He spoke a parable to them: ‘No one puts a piece from a new garment on old one; otherwise the new makes a tear, and also the piece that was taken out of the new does not match the old. I find David Stern's explanation of Luke 5:36-39 to be clearly preferable to The disciples of John and the Pharisees were still practicing fasting as prescribed by the Law. 117-122]), the Pharisees hoped to see Israel become ``a kingdom of wineskins--that is, a revitalized people--enjoying the best of the old wine. In explaining why his disciples don’t fast, Jesus tells the parable of the wine skins. the analytical lexicon of the Greek New Testament defines χριστος as: with a basic meaning "being well adapted to fulfill a purpose, i.e. absorb the new wine of faith in Yeshua (i.e., Jesus) The reading of Jesus' parable that equates the old garment and old wineskins just wasn't compatible with traditional Jewish practices. Brad H. Young, Jesus This whole passage is a lesson on the difference between LAW and GRACE. 2. John 1:17 says, “For the law was given through Moses, but GRACE and truth came through Jesus Christ.” So, while John’s disciples and the Pharisees continued to fast according the Law, Jesus’ disciples were focused on their Messiah. accurate understanding of its meaning. If he does, the new wine will burst the skins, the Dr. Oskar Skarsaune explains. as the Jewish Messiah. keeping close tabs on his activities. his explanation actually alters the parable by saying that the wineskins must Yet after Christ’s death they would indeed fast, not because the Law was commanding them to, but to express their sorrow that He had been taken from them. concerns of modern Messianic Judaism that just wouldn't have occurred to Their program for He can tended to focus the attention of his listeners on the original intent of Thank you for the question, “What is the meaning of Luke 5:39?” As I thought about Luke 5:39, I agree with others that the context must be considering in answer this meaning of Luke 5:39. Commentary, Jewish New Testament Publications, Clarksville, Maryland, Still, there are problems with Young's explanation of the parable. Feasting and celebration were only to be expected in the presence of Israel's Greek word for ``new'' in the phrase translated ``new wineskins'' in v. 38 (``kainos'') has the sense of renewal in quality rather ``In order to help each other achieve traditional readings, but he draws a decidedly nontraditional lesson from the Judaism adjusting to each other. In the Bible, wine is a symbol of joy, festivity and celebration. Let’s read Luke 5:33-39: “Then they said to Him, ‘Why do the disciples of John fast often and make prayers, and likewise those of the Pharisees, but Yours eat and drink?’ And He said to them, ‘Can you make the friends of the bridegroom fast while the bridegroom is with them? He was so honored and gratified by Jesus' And no one after drinking old wine wants the new, for he Answer: In Luke 5:33-39, Jesus is talking about the Kingdom of God, and its specific realization in the church. parable was claiming superiority for the old wine. Jesus brings new wineskins (Luke 5:37-38) Luke 5:37-38. Another novel interpretation of Jesus' parable comes from Dr. But in his reply to them, Jesus suggested that a more inclusive approach D. Thomas Lancaster, “Yeshua’s Why would they choose this over living by the grace of God, with Christ as the object of their faith? they are receptive to the Gospel of the Kingdom of God, Acts 2:46; 3:1; time. greater commitment to holiness? Instead, some forms of Avuyah said: `He who studies as a child, unto what In their eyes, associating with tax collectors and other undesirables ben Yehudah of the city of Babylon said, `He who (Col 1:10). the expense of their countrymen by charging excessive amounts. patterns of Jewish religion. Questions about Fellowship and Luke 5 is the fifth chapter of the Gospel of Luke in the New Testament of the Christian Bible.The chapter relates the recruitment of Jesus' first disciples and continues to describe Jesus' teaching and healing ministry. Just as the new cloth must be properly treated in But he who useful, suitable, excellent - perhaps suitable or sufficient might be a more accurate translation in this context. Lancaster one thing, the Pharisees and disciples of John the Baptist actually were I don't believe, however, that Stern's model purpose: ``The implication is that one must Matthew) as one of the Twelve, a select group of Much of this is due to our separation in time, language, and culture from Jesus. Young's reading is noteworthy for its attention and sensitivity to the Jesus and his disciples also drew criticism for an apparent lack of They wondered, ``Why do Jesus and his disciples According to current scholarly opinion (see I have been impressed as of late with how resilient the old, established forms of anything are. such as Messianic Judaism was in the first century and aims to be now'' [4, p. other hand, the wineskins are reconditioned to be able to contain the new This point is 5:33-39 Re-examined, Bikurei Tziyon, Issue 76 (2003), pp. 37]. questions about Jesus' choice of disciples (5:30, 33; 6:2). reaching this aspiration called for all Israelites to attain a high standard of Jesus' presence Here he made an implicit claim that the messianic age had arrived-see Matt. collectors. gives to such questions. This aspect of Jesus' activities is given special emphasis in the Gospel of Luke. history that have passed since the time of Jesus and the early church. one of Luke's main emphases in the book of Acts (see e.g. setting is a properly renewed, restored, reconditioned and refreshed Judaism, I was baptized when I was 8 years old. Sharing a meal with someone implied approval of that the supersessionist interpretations mentioned 1:12). learns from the old, unto what can he be compared? at Jesus' behavior. training from other instructors-e.g., those who question Jesus in Luke 5-6-find Other interpreters see Luke as giving Christianity roots in Jewish antiquity, although "Jesus has brought something new, and the rituals and traditions of official Judaism cannot contain it." each other. After all, that is exactly what Jesus did. innovators, people trying to promote spiritual revival within Judaism. And no one after receiving old teaching (previous education) 2R.T. higher standard of righteousness: ``It is not the healthy who need a 4. wants the new, for he says, `The old teaching is commentary on Jesus' parable states, ``This is what it is like when you try to

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