They all pointed to Christ; all their virtue was derived from him, and they who are united to him realize all the good which they foreshadowed. These verses remind us: (a) Christianity didn"t copy Judaism. But the body is of Christ; who is really the substance and antitype of all the Old Testament shadows, which have completion or accomplishment in him, John 1:17 Romans 10:4 Galatians 4:10-12; as all the promises were in him yea and Amen, Daniel 9:24 2 Corinthians 1:20; all was consummated in him, John 19:30, who came in the place of all the shadows. The Law of Moses was likewise a shadow of things to come. ; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. The person who possesses Christ, immediately possesses the spiritual reality that God was aiming for and foreshadowing in the O.T.. "All that the most sanguine hoped to attain by asceticism and ceremonialism was possessed immediately in the possession of Christ." Colossians 2:17 Context. Its temple with its apartments, vessels, and furniture; its priesthood, in their imposing robes and duties; its altar, with the fire on its hearth, and the cloud of smoke resting over it; its victims, in their age, kind, and qualifications; its rubric, with its holidays, and their special observances; its minute ritual in reference to diet, dress, and disease-all were the faint lines of a sketch which was limned by the Divine pencil for the guidance and government of Hebrew faith and worship. And Jesus is the eternal Son, Who is that final sacrifice. p. 531). We are identified with His death.. so that His death became our death, and our sin is forgiven. Which are a shadow of the things to come. It is cast by the body, and therefore implies that there is a body, and while it resembles the body it is itself insubstantial. "Family Bible New Testament". It was an unattainable requirement, written on stone, which identified and accused everyone of sin - and stamped all humanity with the eternal, condemnation of God - GUILTY SINNER! The “things to come” are the spiritual blessings of the Christian dispensation, not as Meyer, in accordance with his favourite theory, supposes, blessings to be enjoyed at the Parousia, or second coming. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/colossians-2.html. Meyer, taking σῶμα in the sense of body, that is, the concrete reality of those things to come, supposes that Christ is here supposed to be its head. The book of Hebrews expands upon this expression (Hebrews 9:9-24; Hebrews 10:1 ff). the still future Messianic kingdom, for, if so, the substance would still lie in the future, and the shadow would not be out of date. The sign not only preceded, but certified the advent of the thing signified. The “figure for the time then present” guaranteed the introduction of the figured reality in the time to come. σῶμα is that which casts the shadow, therefore it existed contemporaneously with its manifestation, and, of course, according to the Jewish view, in heaven. "Commentary on Colossians 2:17". (116) An epexegetical relative sentence, assigning the ground for what has just been said. "The Bible Study New Testament". The body is of Christ; he is the substance to which, as shadows, all the Jewish rites referred. Such things, even when required, were never the final reality, they always foreshadowed something greater. The blood of an animal could not secure Divine favour. "Commentary on Colossians 2:17". Things to come—Not future when Paul wrote, but when the law was given. The strict requirements of the Law, and the Sabbath day observances, which were given to Israel, were given by God as shadows.. pointing to the true reality that was to follow - in Christ. The real substance (of the blessings 'shadowed' beforehand by the law) belongs to Christ (Hebrews 8:5; Hebrews 10:1). 3. “The passover typifies the atoning sacrifice; the unleavened bread, the purity and sincerity of the true believer; the pentecostal feast, the ingathering of the first fruits; the sabbath, the rest of God’s people, etc.” (Lightfoot). 1. The body is Christ’s, belongs to Him; the reality of these observances is found in the new dispensation. 1897. 1871-8. σκιὰ is “shadow,” not “sketch” (as Calvin and others). Lucian, Hermot. “The Law had a shadow of good things to come, not the very image (or, substance) of the things” (Hebrews 10:1). "Commentary on Colossians 2:17". Bibliography"Commentary on Colossians 2:17". He has gone through the starry vail, and into heaven itself, with the names of all His clients inscribed upon His heart; and He pleads the merit of His blood before a mercy-seat not canopied by a cloud, but enveloped in the Majesty of Him who sits upon it. The meaning is not that Christ is the body, but that He possesses it. The life-giving serpent, that Moses lifted up on a pole in the wilderness.. was simply a shadowy precursor of Christ, being lifted up on the cross, for the forgiveness of sin.. and His eternal, life-giving resurrection. but the body (the substance) is of Christ.—The spirit of the passage is precisely that of the argument which runs through the Epistle to the Hebrews.
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