[24] Lychee[2] (US: /ˈliːˌtʃiː/ LEE-chee; UK: /ˈlaɪˌtʃiː/ LIE-chee; Litchi chinensis; Chinese: 荔枝; pinyin: lìzhī; Jyutping: lai6 zi1; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: nāi-chi) is the sole member of the genus Litchi in the soapberry family, Sapindaceae. The rind is inedible but easily removed to expose a layer of translucent white fleshy aril with a floral smell and a sweet flavor. [12] There was great demand for lychee in the Song Dynasty (960-1279), according to Cai Xiang, in his Li chi pu (Treatise on Lychees). Beneath its thin skin is revealed white-translucent pulp with a uniquely sweet flavor. It is also sold canned year-round. Once your order is shipped, you'll receive an email with a tracking number. [18], Lychees are commonly sold fresh in Asian markets. [9], Different cultivars of lychee are popular in the varying growing regions and countries. [T]hey haue a kinde of plummes, that they doo call lechias, that are of an exceeding gallant tast, and neuer hurteth any body, although they shoulde eate a great number of them. Later the lychee was described and introduced to the West in 1656 by Michal Boym, a Polish Jesuit missionary (at that time Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth). Medium to large sized tree, often 20-40ft, but up to 100ft. Fertilizer. Join our community and get exclusive offers, care tips and more! Dried lychee's are also eaten. [3] China is the main producer of lychees, followed by India, other countries in Southeast Asia, the Indian Subcontinent and South Africa. Chris says, "The … [23] Cyanidin-3-glucoside represented 92% of total anthocyanins. Some cultivars produce a high percentage of fruits with shriveled aborted seeds known as 'chicken tongues'. [22], In 1962, it was found that lychee seeds contained methylenecyclopropylglycine (MCPG), a homologue of hypoglycin A, which caused hypoglycemia in animal studies. [27] A 2017 study found that pesticides used in the plantations could be responsible for the encephalitis and deaths of young children in Bangladesh. The fruit can be dried with the rind intact, at which point the flesh shrinks and darkens. There are commercial plantations in Florida, Hawaii, and to a limited extent, portions of Southern California. Fruits vary in shape from round to ovoid to heart-shaped, up to 5 cm long and 4 cm wide (2.0 in × 1.6 in), weighing approximately 20 g.[8][9] The thin, tough skin is green when immature, ripening to red or pink-red, and is smooth or covered with small sharp protuberances roughly textured. [3] Lychee are similar in foliage to the family Lauraceae, likely due to convergent evolution. https://www.brighterblooms.com/products/lychee, //cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0062/8532/8445/products/lychee-220-01.jpg?v=1547660286, //cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0062/8532/8445/products/lychee-220-01_large.jpg?v=1547660286, //cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0062/8532/8445/products/lychee1-400-01.jpg?v=1547660286, //cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0062/8532/8445/products/lychee5-400-01.jpg?v=1547660286, //cdn.shopify.com/s/files/1/0062/8532/8445/products/lychee6-400-01.jpg?v=1547660286, //cdn.shopify.com/shopifycloud/shopify/assets/no-image-2048-5e88c1b20e087fb7bbe9a3771824e743c244f437e4f8ba93bbf7b11b53f7824c.gif, https://www.brighterblooms.com/products/lychee?variant=13669562810429, https://www.brighterblooms.com/products/lychee?variant=13669562843197, https://www.brighterblooms.com/products/lychee?variant=13669562875965, https://www.brighterblooms.com/products/lychee?variant=13669562908733, https://www.brighterblooms.com/products/lychee?variant=13669562941501. Native to lowland areas in the provinces of Kwangtung and Fukien, in Southern China. It was described and named by French naturalist Pierre Sonnerat in his account "Voyage aux Indes orientales et à la Chine, fait depuis 1774 jusqu'à 1781" (translation: "Voyage to the East Indies and China, made between 1774 and 1781"), which was published in 1782. Air layers can fruit in 2-5 years.

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